南山大学

 

Nagoya gateway to central Japan History

The three military leaders who changed Japanese history were born in Aichi

The three most famous generals in Japanese history are Oda Nobunaga (1534~1582), Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1536~1598) and Tokugawa Ieyasu (1542~1616).
Known as the heroes who ended the Civil War and reunified Japan as a country, to this day they are still admired by the people of Japan.
All three men were born in Aichi Prefecture, so it is no exaggeration to state that Japan’s Early Modern era originated in this region.

Nagoya Matsuri

Nagoya Matsuri is a famous festival commemorating the three heroes born in Aichi Prefecture (Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi and Tokugawa Ieyasu). During the festival, a huge parade featuring these three heroes and other related figures dressed in period costumes proceeds along the streets of downtown Nagoya. The magnificent procession provides an opportunity to view the heroes and their wives dressed in the dazzling costumes of the Sengoku period. It is like a picture scroll from history on display not only for Japanese, but also for tourists from foreign countries.

Nagoya Castle

Nagoya Castle is a historical building that serves as the symbol of Nagoya City. It was built in 1612 by Tokugawa Ieyasu, who was born in Aichi Prefecture and went on to become known for establishing the Edo Government (old Tokyo). The castle’s magnificent keep and two golden dolphins on the roof are especially famous. Much of the castle, including the keep, was burned down during World War II. The present castle keep was rebuilt in 1959.

 

Inuyama Castle

Inuyama Castle in Inuyama City is one of the oldest existing castles in Japan. Built by one of Oda Nobunaga’s ancestors in 1469, it is a building of rich historical significance, and provided the stage for many famous developments during the era. Built during the Civil War period, the castle keep is still graceful and is designated as a national treasure.

Historical Sites

As the scene of the main battles of the Civil War, Aichi Prefecture is rich in sites of historical significance. Okehazama Kosenjo and Nagakute Kosenjo are particularly well known, with the former registered as one of Japan’s national historical sites. Various sites of historical interest remain dotted around such old battlefields.

Streets

Some of Japan’s oldest roads can be found in Aichi Prefecture. Traditional Japanese buildings are preserved along the sides of the road at Arimatsu, so you can see some of the beautiful scenery of old Japan. Arimatsu is also famous for its beautiful hand-made fabrics and tie-dyed products. Some Arimatsu Shibori (tie-dyeing) shops still remain. Goyushuku in Toyokawa City is also well known. The streets lined with pine trees are typical of the beauty of Japan.

The Museum Meiji-Mura

The Museum Meiji-Mura in Inuyama City, recreates scenes from Japan’s Meiji era. An open-air museum open to the public, it has repaired and preserved some historical buildings dating back mainly to the Meiji period. It is very interesting to view the architecture, such as that in the church incorporating both Japanese and Western features.